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The cultivation method of chrysanthemum

2018-04-08 22:24:02

Chrysanthemum perennial herb of Compositae family, with more than 3,000 species. Chrysanthemum is one of the ten flowers in China. It has been cultivated in China for more than three thousand years and is endowed with auspicious meaning. Chinese generations of poets and painters love to take chrysanthemum as the theme, left many excellent works! In modern times, many people like to raise chrysanthemums, so how should chrysanthemums be raised?

Propagation method

Autumn chrysanthemum is generally propagated by cuttings. In the 20 days before planting, open soil plus shade measures are mostly adopted in southern Fujian, and the matrix requires good drainage and ventilation. Cutting the growing point of chrysanthemum, requiring healthy cuttings, no pests and diseases, half-leaf pruning method; Or remove 1/3-1/2 of the leaves, and then densely cut on the cutting bed, the depth of insertion is 1/3 of the length of the cuttings; Generally, chrysanthemum cuttings can take root for about 2 weeks, and the cuttings after taking root should gradually increase light and ventilation.

Soil condition

Mums prefer fertile and well-drained PH 6.5-7.2 soil, avoid continuous cropping. Apply the decomposed compost 4000kg-5000 kg per mu, and 20 kg. Rake the soil after deep digging, planting width 0.6-0.8 meters, 0.3-0.4 meters high.

planting

Half a month after the rooting of cutting should be transplanted in time, generally from cutting to planting 25-30 days; The row spacing of the planted plants is 20 cm ×15 cm. Large flower type can be sparse planting, small flower type can be dense.

Pluck the heart and spread the bud

After slow seedling, the core should be removed for the first time in time, leaving only 5-6 leaves. After the first coiling, generally produce 3 branches, as cut flower cultivation chrysanthemum can be coiling twice, produce 5-6 branches, most of the remaining branches should be removed in time to avoid consuming too much plant nutrition. After flower bud differentiation and bud emergence, all side buds below the main bud should be removed in time according to cultivation needs to cultivate cut flowers with good quality. If the multi-head cut flower chrysanthemum can be cultivated according to the need to leave more side buds; When the plant grows to about 30-40 cm, the movable 1-2 layers of nylon net should be set up in time

Matters needing attention

When propagating chrysanthemum cuttings, growers can choose either rootless cuttings or rooted cuttings. Most growers prefer to use rooted cuttings in open field cultivation, and use rootless cuttings in container cultivation. The following is the need to pay attention to the process of chrysanthemum cutting propagation, open field cultivation and container cultivation are applicable.

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