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The detailed process of garment production

2018-01-09 17:36:00

Clothing is the fashion we can not ignore. Usually people only pay attention to someone wearing beautiful and decent clothes, but everyone knows how to make this beautiful clothes? Next for you


The first step does not start with material selection or cutting. After receiving the original sample, we should make a detailed plan. First, we should analyze the sample and the points of attention in the order operation, confirm the size, and sort out the use of the main accessories of each color. The first is the specification table, the specification table can be divided into sample specification table, approval sample specification table, prenatal specification table. This specification table is mainly used for designers to see the style effect and the calculation of materials used in production. Under normal circumstances, the same kind of cloth is used to make samples, allowing accessories to be used instead. For the production workers, this specification table is only for quotation, in order to get the real order, in the use of this form should pay attention to each project content and specifications, because these content and specifications are often directly related to the cost, any help to reduce the cost without changing the basic requirements of the original clothing methods and suggestions can be adopted. All changes in this specification sheet must be commented so that the next work is carried out before and after. In addition, the approval sample This specification sheet is mainly used for the approval sample. Before the production of the approved sample, according to the specific requirements of the provided model and sample specification table, the operation is carried out item by item, check the fabric structure of the sample, structural specifications, and measure all dimensions, and make sure that the dimensions of each point are within the allowable error range. Send the model and specification sheet to the relevant technical personnel, review the doubts and difficulties, in order to fully understand the situation of the sample. In principle, the formal main materials and auxiliary materials are used for approval samples. In addition, the pre-production table This specification table is mainly a form provided by the customer after the approval of the sample. Only this product specification sheet is for industrial and commercial production. If the previous specification table is used instead, errors often occur, because after proofing, the customer often changes the original size, and this size change is often insignificant, before mass production and operation, it is necessary to make a sample, called pre-production sample, in the production of this sample, all the main materials and auxiliary materials must be used in the future production of materials. Only after the customer's full approval can large quantities be cut.


2. Specific operation of garment production: The basic technological process of garment production includes eight processes such as material inspection, material arrangement, cutting, sewing, keyhole fastening, ironing, garment inspection, packaging and warehousing. Material inspection and testing: including color difference inspection, dimensional skew and defect inspection. After the cloth into the quantity of inventory and appearance and internal quality inspection, meet the production requirements can be put into use. Good fabric quality is an important part of controlling the quality of the finished product. Through the inspection and determination of the incoming fabric, the authenticity rate of clothing can be effectively improved. Material inspection includes shrinkage rate of elastic band, adhesion fastness of adhesive lining, smoothness of zipper and so on. Materials that cannot meet the requirements shall not be put into use. The next step is technical preparation: technical preparation is an important means to ensure that the batch production runs smoothly and the final product meets the customer's requirements. Before mass production, technical personnel must first make technical preparations before production. Technical preparation includes three contents: process sheet, template formulation and sample clothing production. The process sheet is a guiding document in clothing processing, which puts forward detailed requirements for clothing specifications, sewing, ironing, packaging, etc., and also clarifies details such as clothing accessories collocation and stitch density. Each process in clothing processing should be carried out in strict accordance with the requirements of the process sheet. Template production requires accurate size and complete specifications. The contours of the relevant parts were accurately matched. The model number, parts, specifications and quality requirements shall be marked on the sample, and the sample composite seal shall be affixed at the relevant splicing place. After the completion of the process sheet and template formulation, the production of small-batch sample clothes can be carried out, the non-conformity points can be corrected in time for the requirements of customers and the process, and the process difficulties can be tackled, so that the large-scale flow operation can be carried out smoothly. After the sample is confirmed and signed by the customer, it becomes one of the important inspection basis. Discharge: the first 1:10 pre-reduced discharge, according to the template to draw the discharge map, "complete, reasonable, saving" is the basic principle of discharge. Cutting: Each auxiliary material and cutting is called a bed or a knife, the cutting bed can improve production efficiency, relatively save raw materials, and ensure quality better than manual cutting, generally the fewer layers of cutting the higher the cost. Sewing: Stitch and stitch type are the basic elements of stitching, clothing sewing according to the style, craft style, etc., can be divided into machine sewing and hand sewing two kinds. Implement flow operation in the sewing process. Process analysis chart at sewing time.


Third, the later process: the keyhole and button in the clothing are usually processed by the machine, and the buttonhole is divided into two kinds according to its shape: flat and eye-type holes, commonly known as sleeping holes and dove-eye holes. Sleep hole is mostly used in shirts, skirts, pants and other thin clothing products. Dove-eye holes are mostly used on coats of thick fabrics such as jackets and suits. Clothing ironing: The role of ironing is to use spray ironing to pre-shrink the clothing, make the clothes look beautiful, change the elasticity of the material, and carry out modeling. When ironing, the lining board is placed inside the clothes to keep the product in a certain shape and specification, the size of the lining board is slightly larger than that required by the garment, to prevent the specification from being too small after retraction, and the ironing temperature is generally controlled between 180 ° C and 200 ° C, which is not easy to hot yellow and coking. Clothing inspection: Clothing is about to face consumers directly, so the inspection before the production plays a pivotal role. Because there are many factors affecting the quality of garment inspection, garment inspection is an important link in the chain management of garment enterprises. The correct inspection concept is crucial. Quality inspection refers to the measurement, inspection, test and measurement of one or more characteristics of a product or service in a certain way, and the comparison of these results with the evaluation standards to determine the advantages and disadvantages of each product or service, and whether the whole batch of products or services is qualified. Compared with the required quality, the nature of the product produced will be uneven and there is a certain gap. For this gap, inspectors need to determine whether the product is qualified according to certain standards. The standard usually implemented is: the gap within the allowable range is judged as qualified product; The gap beyond the allowable range is judged as unqualified product. Finished product packaging: The packaging of clothing can be divided into two kinds of hanging and box. Cartons are generally divided into inner packaging and outer packaging. Inner packaging refers to one or several pieces of clothing into a plastic bag, the clothing model number, size should be consistent with the plastic bag marked, the packaging requirements are smooth and beautiful, some special styles of clothing in the packaging should be special treatment. For example, twisted clothing should be packaged in twisted rolls to maintain its styling style. The outer packaging is generally packed in cartons, and sizes and colors are matched according to customer requirements or process instructions. The packaging form generally has four kinds of mixed color mixed code, single color single code, single color mixed code, and single color mixed code.